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daruk_el_rojo
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MensajeTema: arboles   Jue Nov 20, 2014 6:57 pm



I've received some inquiries into my methods for making trees, bamboo, grass, etc. so I thought I'd begin a tutorial thread.


Contents, linked:
Jungle Trees
Orchids
Bamboo
Flowering Trees
Gnarly Old Trees

 
Jungle Trees



I wanted to produce some massive rainforest trees for my dinosaur hunting games. I did some research and settled on trees that have 'buttress roots' around the base- wide, stabilizing structures on a mostly straight trunk.

I started with a hardboard (Masonite) base, a plastic PVC pipe cut to length, and the scrap remnants from the bases for the buttresses. These were spaced around the trunk semi-randomly. I needed extras which I made out of foam core (the trees have more than four buttress roots). I used two-part epoxy to glue them although a high temp hot glue would probably work as well and be easier.

After drying, I coated the trees with a liberal amount of glue and applied toilet tissue for a bark-like texture. One can also use paper towels but that is less pliable and the texture can appear more 'mechanical'. You can push the tissue around, add to it, whatever you want to build the shape and texture you want.  



Adding a bit to the base to provide a smooth transition to the forest floor.







Glue sand to the base. I use PVA (Elmers for this, now I use Gorilla) for gluing sand etc.



I attached a few strands of yarn to the sides to represent climbing vines, and gave the whole tree a base coat of dark brown. I use craft paint for this type of stuff.





Drybush with craft paint. I used Ceramcoat 'Toffee Brown' judging from the bottle in the picture. It's my go-to for brown highlight on almost anything terrain related including the bases on my miniatures.
I use a 50/50 mix of dark green and white glue for moss effect. Dab it on sporadically, where moss likes to grow, and sprinkle on some fine flocking. The flock I use is the sort of material used by model train enthusiasts. I gave the climbing vine a quick brush of mid/light green.



Static grass and foliage.



Last but not least I added a little cap on the pipe- a cut out cross section of a tree.



Here's a link to the tree ring file I made: http://shawncochran.com/matt/otherimages/treerings.jpg

Next up: The Canopy


Última edición por daruk_el_rojo el Sáb Nov 22, 2014 12:34 pm, editado 1 vez
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daruk_el_rojo
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MensajeTema: Re: arboles   Jue Nov 20, 2014 6:58 pm

Jungle Tree Tops

Here is my method for the removable tops of my jungle trees. I don't think I would go this route again, although when massed on the table they look pretty nice.

I was at a state fair and saw a kid's 4-H project, a ghost made from cheesecloth. It was rigid and seemed like the method would work for me. Cheesecloth is a very loose, thin, light fabric acquired inexpensively at a fabric or sewing store.

I started by making some forms that I could drape wet cheesecloth on while it dried to shape. I used foam balls cut up and hot glued to paint cans.





Next step was to drape glue-soaked cheesecloth over the forms. I hoped it would provide a dense, drooping, moist-looking canopy. You can see some little strings and fibers I threw on just for the heck of it to try to break up the profile a bit. Let them dry. As I recall I had some problems with sticking to the balls. A intermediary layer of wax paper might help here.





I hot glued a cardboard tube into the hardened canopy. It is cut just short of being visible from the side when on the tree.







To paint the canopy I sprayed them really heavily with red-brown primer and green spray paint, and poured flocking/foliage over them multiple times while they were wet. This is the least fun part and I'm sure there are better methods than mine.







Some of the treetops have an odd fabric draped over the cheesecloth as an experiment. It was kind of web-like and green. I don't think it made much difference.

As you can see I did the trunks and canopy at the same time. As a stage dried on the trunks I moved on to the foliage. Actually, I had a third project going on as well, which I shall not yet reveal





I hot glued some plastic viney pod things to the underside of the canopy. I acquired these at Hobby Lobby.







Finished trees getting a really heavy spray coat of Plasti-Dip clear to seal everything on. Be warned this stuff imparts a slightly satin plastic feel to things, but is very tough. I use it on almost all my terrain for hardiness.



http://www.plastidip.com/home_solutions/Plasti_Dip

If you want to download all the images in one shot for some bizarre reason, here's a link to a zip file:
http://shawncochran.com/matt/otherimages/DrMathiasJungleTrees.zip

That's about it for jungle trees. Next up, orchids in pots.
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MensajeTema: Re: arboles   Jue Nov 20, 2014 8:11 pm

Seeeeeeveros arbolocos y hasta usa uno de mis métodos favoritos para hacerlos xD
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juniac
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MensajeTema: Re: arboles   Vie Nov 21, 2014 11:30 am

See 
Quedaron bakanos y el engrudo art attack con papel higiénico sigue en la delantera de los truquinis baratos, pero muy efectivos.
Lo de los troncos usando trozos de tubería PVC o conduit si no lo había visto.

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daruk_el_rojo
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MensajeTema: Re: arboles   Vie Nov 21, 2014 12:49 pm

toca hacer un par de boskes asi para la mesa de jungla, aproposito este sabado me pongo a arreglar esas junglas en la pintafiada o como la halla bautizado ratly
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MensajeTema: Re: arboles   Vie Nov 21, 2014 1:13 pm

Es que carajo, no tengo plata, si no, llevaba los materiales para hacernos unos arbolocos de estos. Igual la otra semana si algo empiezo a trabajar en unos cuantos para ver que tal quedan.
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MensajeTema: Re: arboles   Vie Nov 21, 2014 4:41 pm

Hahahahahahaha, "pintafiada"... suena bien
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MensajeTema: Re: arboles   Vie Nov 21, 2014 5:34 pm

que buen tuto
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MensajeTema: Re: arboles   Vie Nov 21, 2014 9:34 pm

Estuve revisando los otros tutos, el de Gnarly Old Trees es una brutalidad y el resultado, reeeeeeeee teso. Intentaré hacerle más bien a ese otro y que alguien más le haga a los de jungla xD
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daruk_el_rojo
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MensajeTema: Re: arboles   Vie Nov 21, 2014 10:14 pm

With the understanding that I plan to do an 'Arthur Rackham' style tutorial in the future, I temporarily digress to something slightly related...

Gnarly Old Tree Tutorial



I wanted a couple more hulking trees for my sylvan setting, and needed a tree that was overgrowing a stone niche for my 'Usagi' entry in the LPL, so I built a few and took pics.

I started these by cutting several pieces off a large branch that dropped off a massive maple tree in my yard. I used a large amount of high-temp hot glue to adhere them to my bases, in this case some Masonite hardboard. I used a drill to bore some holes into the 'trunks' and used the twisted wire method I described earlier in this thread. Hot glue holds the wires in place. These ones have a goofy baobab proportion, which was okay since I wanted a massive thick trunk without the tree being too high off the table. I added a few rocks made from Sculpey, and the large 'stone' being enveloped over time.






My next step is to use a paintable caulk to make roots and smooth the transition from trunk to branches.








While it is still wet and gooey you can use an old brush to smooth out the roots where they transition into the ground, or whatever else you might want to do to manipulate the caulking. Pretty fugly at this stage, don't worry




After this has dried overnight, you can use the tissue technique to create a bark like texture. Bathroom tissue, a brush, and some thinned white glue or acrylic polymer medium. If you're careful with your brushwork technique you can mimic the cracks and texture of the bark on the real branch- leave some of the original bark exposed if you can, in order to carry the illusion and help you match color later when you paint.






The memory card on my camera has been acting up and a few pics didn't record properly- if you read the Cherry Tree tutorial, you already know I use furnace filters for the foliage. I tore and snipped off some irregular sections and hot glued them onto the wire branches. Then I spray the foliage with a heavy coat of rust colored spray paint. After that, I base coated the tree and base, mixing a gray-brown to match the real color of the tree. It's kind of fun examining the bark and spattering it with all the various greens, blues, and yellows that appear in reality as lichens, mosses, and weathering. Drybrush highlights on with a lighter color, add basing materials, whatever you want to do. If you're doing some brown on the base, brush a little of that into the tree bark while you're at it... variety is great for that natural look.

Save the final highlight and drybrush until AFTER you've attached the foliage.







To apply foliage, I spray a very heavy coat of olive spray paint from underneath, and then from above. Don't worry if you overspray the trunk- if anything the green will convey a more natural look. Dump flocking material liberally over the still wet paint. The foliage should adhere to the paint. Because there could be a lot of overspray, I follow this step with a final light drybrush over the entire tree. If you've mixed your paint well it should be quite hard to discern what parts are real bark, and which parts are artificial. Study trees



My favorite part is gluing on moss, dabbing greens over the trunk, and attaching grass and fallen leaves in the recesses of the roots. This is where the effort pays off and these things start to look great.
Last, I spray the entire tree with clear 'Plasti-Dip' to seal the whole thing up, protect it, and keep the foliage adhered.

[url=http://smg.photobucket.com/user/Bosal/media/Arboreal Extravaganza/UsagiTree_zps72a45f62.jpg.html][/url]

Good luck!
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MensajeTema: Re: arboles   Vie Nov 21, 2014 10:16 pm

Flowering Tree Tutorial



There are a lot of steps, however it produces an end result I am happy with. This isn't as time consuming as I remembered from my first time around. I think most of my efforts were spent discovering the optimum petal effect, and this time I knew what to do right away. Profit from my errors!

1. Create a basic tree. In this case, I used the twisted floral wire method. I used a Masonite/hardboard base, twisted some wires together, and hotglued the tree form to the base.





Not very pretty, this was a half-assed job. The branches should have been splayed apart a little more realistically so that they transitioned more fluidly to the small branches and twigs. It's very important to actually look at the type of tree you want to make. They all have their peculiarities of proportion.

2. Paint the trunk and branches with clear acrylic polymer medium or thinned white glue. Cover the trunk and branches with bathroom toilet tissue, and apply another layer of glue or medium. I sprinkled a light dusting of sawdust while it was still wet because I happened to have some laying nearby.



3. Add basing materials. I made a bunch of rounded stone forms out of Sculpy polymer clay. I used a little piece of broken concrete to assist with the shaping of the rounded forms, which helps to give it a pock marked weathered texture. I like using Sculpey stones because I can easily cut them in half after baking them, which gives them a nice flat bottom for gluing. Follow that with a filler. I use a drywall spackle, normally used for filling cracks in walls.





4. Here's my big secret for foliage. Please pretend, for my sake, that I'm the first person to have come up with this.

Buy a 'cut it yourself' furnace filter that has a random organic look. I've seen them in blue and green- go for the green, for obvious reasons. I've used blue and it works fine, it just needs more careful paint coverage. I've also seen filters that look 'fuzzy'... avoid those.



It should look like this:


5. Cut off a section of the filter, and using a pair of scissors and your hands, tear and tease the fibers apart. I use a pair of pinking scissors to trim the bunches up so that the cuts have a more irregular and natural edge. I think it looks better to use multiple pieces instead of one layer. This stuff makes awesome thorn branch fences/zaribas/bomas for those of you that game Africa.





Careful observers will see that I decided to add a Buddha head to the base. No reason to make another tree like the others I have...

6. Use hot glue to affix the foliage to the tree trunk.





7. Spray the tree from below with a reddish or brown spray paint. I used a rust color. Spray from the top with  a mid green. If you have some fine flock, sprinkle a little on while the paint is wet, but don't overdo it. When the flowers are in full bloom the little green buds are not visible much, at least on the tree I have in my yard.



8. At this point I thought it would be wise to finish off the base. I glued fine sand on, then painted everything. Be sure to take a good look at trees... they're not brown. I use a three tone method on terrain... base, light drybrush, lighter drybrush. Static grass and flock for moss. Sorry for the crappy photos  





Petals

Here's where things get a little weird. You will be spray painting glitter.

Make sure you get the right kind! Look for a glitter that isn't iridescent. It will all be glossy, that's okay... but if it is pearly or translucent you will have a princessy tree that glimmers and sparkles no matter how many times you spray it. I found a white opaque glitter from Kitkraft that ended up working well. Prepare to be astounded by the sheer diversity in the types of glitter out there... its mind-boggling.  



I used 'fine' white. There's even smaller sized glitter flakes. I'll try that for a different type of tree or shrub sometime.

1. Scatter the glitter evenly over a smooth surface that you don't mind painting. I used a piece of foam core. Be warned, you will probably end up with glitter in every room of your house.



2. Spray the glitter lightly with a pink satin color. If you go too heavy they will be hard to scrape up. The first time I did this I was using iridescent glitter that was pink and white mix, and I had to spray it several times with white primer to kill the sparkle. Trust me, start with white opaque.





3. Scrape the glitter up, slowly, carefully, or they will scatter to the four winds.



If you want them to be more pink, spread them again and spray a second time.



Back to the tree.

9. Use a light pink 'puffy paint' to apply little dots, about a quarter of the tree at a time, then pour on the petals you made. They will stick to the puffy paint blobs and give a nice flower effect. It goes quicker than you might think.





10. After the paint has dried overnight hit it with a very liberal matte spray or dull coat. After that I sprayed a heavy coat of clear Plasti-Dip over the whole tree. I like my terrain to be bulletproof... doubly so on this stuff because I don't want glitter coming off!




I hope this tutorial is useful. I'm really pretty happy with how these trees look, in person and in photos.

I'm now accepting voting for the next tutorial... acacias, baobabs, or Arthur Rakham style thickets are what I'm considering. None of which I have yet made...
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adriveguita2
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MensajeTema: Re: arboles   Sáb Nov 22, 2014 12:22 pm

wash super cheveritos todos esos arbolitos
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